This beginning of His signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory, and His disciples believed in Him, (2:11).
The full significance of this word, glory, is a bit difficult to ascertain from our English definition alone.
Glory: “very great praise, honor, or distinction bestowed by common consent; renown; something that is a source of honor, fame, or admiration; a distinguished ornament or an object of pride; adoring praise or worshipful thanksgiving; resplendent beauty or magnificence; a state of great splendor, magnificence, or prosperity.”
And while all of this is included in the meaning of glory, it does not fully comprise its true essence as intended in John 2:11. So let’s put on our thinking caps and dig into the Greek definition to shed light on this phrase, He manifested His glory.
From Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance:
- Manifest: 5319. φανερόω phaneróō; contracted phanerṓ, fut. phanerṓsō, from phanerós (5318), manifest, visible, conspicuous. To make apparent, manifest, known, show openly.
- Glory: 1391. δόξα dóxa; gen. dóxēs, fem. noun from dokéō (1380), to think, recognize. Glory.
- A look at the root word of dóxa, i.e., dokéō (1380), to think or suppose, is necessary. Etymologically, the word primarily means thought or opinion, especially favorable human opinion, and thus in a secondary sense reputation, praise, honor (true and false), splendor, light, perfection, rewards (temporal and eternal). Thus the dóxa of man is human opinion and is shifty, uncertain, often based on error, and its pursuit for its own safety is unworthy. But there is a glory of God which must be absolutely true and changeless. God’s opinion marks the true value of things as they appear to the eternal mind, and God’s favorable opinion is true glory. This contrast is well seen in John 5:44 as the Lord speaks of the glory that the people were receiving among themselves and the only glory that comes from God (see John 12:43). Glory, therefore, is the true apprehension of God or things. The glory of God must mean His unchanging essence. Giving glory to God is ascribing to Him His full recognition… The glory of God is what He is essentially;
So to paraphrase this in our English language we might say, when Jesus Manifested His Glory, He made apparent, openly showed and made known His very essence as the true and unchanging God; worthy of His full recognition and reputation of the One Who is worthy of praise and honor, Who is in essence splendor, light and perfection.
Consider Him Who Manifested His Glory
- He Manifested His Glory as He openly made known His ability to turn water into wine. In His very essence He is Creator.
- Now there were six stone waterpots set there for the Jewish custom of purification, containing twenty or thirty gallons each. 7 Jesus said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” So they filled them up to the brim. 8 And He said to them, “Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.” So they took it to him. 9 When the headwaiter tasted the water which had become wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter called the bridegroom, 10 and said to him, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when the people have drunk freely, then he serves the poorer wine; but you have kept the good wine until now,” (2:6-10).
- He Manifested His Glory as His disciples witnessed His zeal for the house of God. In His very essence He is Holy.
- The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 16 and to those who were selling the doves He said, “Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.” 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house will consume me,” (2:13-17).
- He Manifested His Glory as He predicted He would raise His body from the dead. In His very essence He is Omnipotent.
- The Jews then said to Him, “What sign do You show us as your authority for doing these things?” 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 The Jews then said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?” 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body, (2:18-21).
- He Manifested His Glory when, just as He said, He was raised from the dead. In His very essence He is Faithful and True.
- So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken, (2:22).
- He Manifested His Glory as He knew what was in the very heart of man. In His very essence He is Omniscient.
- Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing. 24 But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, 25 and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.,(2:23-25).
Jesus Manifested His Glory. In His very essence He is God.
How do we respond to Him Who Manifested His Glory?
Have you ever wondered why He began to Manifest His Glory at a wedding? Scripture does not expound on the why, but I often wonder… was it His anticipation of another wedding, the wedding He so longed for in the coming future?
“Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready,” (Revelation 19:7).
We really don’t know why He performed His first miracle at a wedding, but we do know we are to look forward in faith to another wedding, the great marriage of the Lamb.
He Manifested His Glory so that all mankind would know and make themselves ready. Let us make ourselves ready in faith, joy and gratitude, giving all Glory to Him alone.
- Let us give Jesus all the Glory; He is Creator.
- All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being, (John 1:3).
- For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him, (Colossians 1:16).
- Let us give Jesus all the Glory; He is Holy.
- He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him, (2 Corinthians 5:21).
- Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin, (Hebrews 4:14-15).
- Let us give Jesus all the Glory; He is Omnipotent.
- He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together, (Colossians 1:17).
- God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, 2 in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. 3 And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power, (Hebrews 1:1-3).
- Let us give Jesus all the Glory; He is Faithful and True.
- And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS,” (Revelation 19:11-16).
- Let us give Jesus all the Glory; He is Omniscient.
- “All things have been handed over to Me by My Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal Him,” (Matthew 11:27).
- “Now we know that You know all things, and have no need for anyone to question You; by this we believe that You came from God,” (John 16:30).
He has told us the day is coming when we will have the joyous privilege of proclaiming His Glory as we worship Him at the marriage supper of the Lamb. But let us not wait; let us make ourselves ready now as we live each day in thanksgiving and worship of Him Who Manifested His Glory; for He alone is worthy.
Then he said to me, “Write, ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.’” And he said to me, “These are true words of God.” 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy,” (Revelation 19:9-10).
so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father, (Philippians 2:10-11).